Full report at:
Press Release : http://www.eea.europa.eu/highlights/how-to-optimise-the-use-of-bioenergy-for-europe2019s-climate-efforts-1
How to optimise the use of bioenergy for
Europe’s climate efforts
Published: 12 Nov 2008
Bioenergy can substantially reduce
The report "Maximising the environmental benefits of Europe’s bioenergy potential" analyses what bioenergy can offer Europe in terms of climate mitigation and energy security and what role it can play in
Substantial emission reductions possible
Bioenergy produced within the EU could lead to greenhouse gas emission reductions of up to 8 % in 2020 compared to the EU-25's 1990 levels, and up to 13 % in 2030, the report says.
Around 9.5 % of
The key role of policy
Increasing bioenergy production might have adverse effects on the environment, including soil erosion, threats to biodiversity and water resources, and changes in land use. Such adverse effects might jeopardise the EU's overall environmental goals.
On the other hand, an appropriate choice and management of energy crops can actually decrease soil erosion or water pollution risks from agricultural practices, and provide certain biodiversity benefits. Measures to protect soil and water resources as well as biodiversity are best taken at local and regional levels.
This report does not take into account potential imports of biomass and the possible impacts of EU bioenergy targets on the environment outside the EU. A complete understanding of the overall environmental impact and greenhouse gas balance of EU bioenergy policies requires a broader evaluation of their direct and indirect effects around the globe.
Bioenergy is obtained from biomass – mainly biological plant material such as trees and crops, and organic waste. In addition to energy, plant biomass provides a wide range of products from food, feed, clothing, paper to construction materials.
For the technical potential for bioenergy production in EU-25, see EEA report "How much bioenergy can Europe produce without harming the environment?" and the related technical report " ".
Additional information on the environmental effects of bioenergy production can be found on the Envirowindows site maintained by the EEA.