Friday, August 31, 2012

[biofuelwatch] [Inf'OGM] Alteration of the living : new techniques explained to the layman [1 Attachment]

<*>[Attachment(s) from Association Inf'OGM included below]

Alteration of the living : new techniques explained to the layman
(just published)

Inf'OGM has published in october 2011 a report (in french) on the new
techniques of biotechnology.
In summer 2012, Inf'OGM decided to provide the european citizens with
an english version of this report.
This document is available on Inf'OGM's website : http://

Plant genetic engineering with laboratories' techniques is a process
still going on in the biotech companies' laboratories. The current
commercialised GMOs come from a technique already obsolete. For
transgenesis is no longer the only technique adopted by the industries
to genetically modify plants. The technicians have now the choice
between several techniques with names such as zinc finger nuclease
technology, cisgenesis... Focusing on the risks associated with
transgenesis, which allows the genetic chimera development, public
debate got recently interested in older genetic engineering technique
like mutagenesis. This debate on mutated plants did not occur prior to
their commercialisation which happened with no legal biosafety
framework. New techniques that are now coming out from laboratories
require public attention. By the end of 2008, European commission
requested from member states two experts to join a european working
group. Its goal was to answer the following question : does GMO
legislation applies to products obtained through the use of those
eight techniques? In June 2011, the experts had not finished their
work and no calendar was known by then. To answer this new move of
technoscience, a seminar was organised by Inf'OGM in order to start
thinking an independent and critical analysis. With the purpose of
having a democratic debate with sufficient knowledge.


1 - Principles and applications of new techniques for the modification
of living organisms
Transgenesis: The reference technique
Changes to genome modification techniques (Cisgenesis, Mutagenesis,
Zinc finger nucleases, Methylation)
Particular agricultural and breeding techniques that use transgenesis
(Grafting, Agro-infiltration, Reverse breeding)
General considerations in relation to new techniques for the genetic
modification of plants

2 - Evolution of intellectual property rights on modified plants
A new European framework for plant patents
Patents and NPVC: Indexing genetic information strengthens the
industrial property rights to seeds
General considerations in relation to the appropriation of living

3 - Epistemological and ethical issues
The principles of synthetic biology
An analysis of genetically-modified organisms for social change
What questions are posed in epistemological terms?
General considerations in relation to epistemological and ethical issues

email :
tel. : +33 (0)1 48 51 65 40

<*>Attachment(s) from Association Inf'OGM:

<*> 1 of 1 File(s)
<*> VDP-Bro_nouvelles-techniques_eng.pdf


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