Monday, September 9, 2013

[biofuelwatch] Indonesian Civil Society Petition to the European Parliament on Biofuels Policy



[This is the declaration referred to in Robbie's post yesterday -
attachments don't work for most people subscribed to this list.]

Indonesian Civil Society Petition to the European Parliament on Biofuels
Policy

Jakarta , Indonesia September, 2013

On September 11 , 2013, the EU Parliament will vote on vital reforms to
EU biofuels policy. If no action is taken to restrict demand for
biofuels, this Directive will cause a huge negative impact for
communities and environment in producer countries such as Indonesia
which are growing biofuel crops for the European market. Palm oil
produced in Indonesia and Malaysia is playing an increasing role in
supplying biodiesel to meet EU targets. At the same time, biofuels
continue to be an important part of the Indonesian government's plan
to develop palm oil, with predictions of increased palm oil plantations
from 11 million hectares today to around 28 million hectares by 2020.
We, Indonesian civil society, call upon the European Parliament not to
turn a blind eye to the devastating impacts of biofuel production in
producer countries such as Indonesia. The target set by the biofuels
policies will encourage massive and intensive expansion of large-scale
industrial monoculture plantations, such as oil palm, which are
continuing to cause environmental, social and economic problems for
millions of Indonesians. Large-scale industrial oil palm plantations
have caused serious problems for the community and the environment in
Indonesia, and other producer countries. Some key issues are :

1 . Large -scale oil palm plantations are one of the biggest
contributors to Indonesia's greenhouse gas emissions due to
deforestation, fires and the draining of carbon-rich peatlands.
Therefore, biofuels that drive expansion of palm oil will not be able to
reduce greenhouse gas emissions. On the contrary, they will increase
greenhouse gas emissions, making climate change worse.

2 . The development of large-scale industrial oil palm plantations has
also resulted in the grabbing of indigenous peoples' and local
communities' lands, land conflicts, and human rights violations by
state security forces. Non-recognition of the rights of indigenous
peoples and local communities to their land has led to conflicts between
communities and companies, which has often ended in violence perpetrated
by the security forces in support of the company concerned.

3. The current system of large-scale industrial oil palm plantations
does not respect the rights of workers, causes gender injustices, and
often involves child labour in the production process, resulting in
children losing their right to education. Eighty percent of workers in
large-scale industrial oil palm plantations - men and women - are casual
laborers who have no guarantee of safety at work or job security, and
are paid wages which are too low to meet daily needs.

4 . The development of large-scale industrial oil palm plantations leads
to loss of food sovereignty of indigenous peoples, local communities and
people living in coastal areas and small islands who are heavily
dependent on forests as their sources of food and livelihood. Many
large-scale industrial oil palm companies destroy land and forests,
including mangrove forests and fertile coastal areas and replace them
with oil palm monoculture plantations.

We, Indonesian civil society, are very concerned about the EU's
biofuel policy which will have huge negative impacts on millions of
Indonesians and will contribute to rising and `globlaly
significant' greenhouse gas emissions in Indonesia that are causing
climate change. Therefore, we, Indonesian civil society, call on the EU
to:

1 . Not use biofuel derived from large-scale monoculture plantations
2. Not use biofuel that comes from clearing natural forests, peatlands,
or mangrove forests
3. Not use biofuel derived from lands where companies are in conflict
with indigenous peoples and local communities
4. Not use biofuel that comes from companies involved in human rights
violations, including violations of workers' rights, women's rights, and
where production process involve child labor
5 . Reduce the consumption of palm oil and other biodiesels that are
driving global palm oil demand, and immediately cease the use of palm
oil for biofuel.

Signatories:

1. WALHI (Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia) – Friends of the Earth
Indonesia
2. Sawit Watch (Oil Palm Watch)
3. AMAN (Indigenous Peoples Alliance of the Archipelago)
4. AMAN Central Kalimantan
5. KpSHK (the Supporting Consortium for Community-based Natural
Resources Management)
6. FWI (Forest Watch Indonesia)
7. KIARA (Indonesian Fishery Justice Coalition)
8. SBIB (Indonesian Shout)
9. ADS (The Indonesian Alliance for Prosperous Village)
10. KRKP (Peoples' Coalition for Food Sovereignty)
11. JKPP (Participatory Mapping Network)
12. HuMA (The Indonesian Institute for Law and Community)
13. E-Law Indonesia
14. RMI (Young Forester Indonesia)
15. Save Our Borneo
16. YBB (Betang Borneo Foundation)
17. FOKER SHK (Working Group on Community Forest System)
18. Perkumpulan Menapak, East Kalimantan
19. Nurani Perempuan, East Kalimantan
20. FOKER LSM Papua (Papuan NGO Working Group)
21. PADI, East Kalimantan
22. WALHI South Kalimantan
23. WALHI East Kalimantan
24. WALHI West Kalimantan
25. WALLACEA
26. Kelopak Foundation, Bengkulu
27. Perkumpulan PUSAR, Central Sulawesi
28. FNPF (Friends of the National Park Foundation)
29. WALHI Jambi
30. WALHI Riau
31. Perkumpulan ROA, Central Kalimantan
32. Perkumpulan Hijau, Jambi
33. PUSAKA Foundation
34. TuK INDONESIA (Transformation for Justice Indonesia)
35. WALHI North Sulawesi
36. WALHI Lampung
37. JMG-J (Peatland Community Alliance Jambi)
38. WALHI Central Sulawesi
39. WALHI North Maluku



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Biofuels are a wide range of fuels which are in some way derived from biomass.

Your idea?